A Quiet Title Lawsuit is known under common law as a suit in equity and is filed for the purpose of establishing the rightful owner of a piece of real property such as a parcel of land or a home. The need to file a quiet title lawsuit results from situations where there are multiple parties who are claiming rightful ownership of the same piece of land or the same house.
Quiet title lawsuits can arise from conflicts between parties that are part of the same family or between parties who claim ownership in situation where a deed has be improperly or incompletely recorded with the registry of deeds or other land registration office. Quiet title lawsuits are also common when a party that purchased a parcel of property at a tax sale, sheriff's sale or judicial sale attempts to resell the parcel.
When a quiet title lawsuit is filed in a court that has jurisdiction to hear the case, the outcome will determine the party who will be established as the rightful owner, and will terminate, or quiet, the claims of ownership from all other parties.